Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Multiphysics Modeling and Simulation of a Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell

D. Grondin[1], J. Deseure[1], A. Brisse[2], M. Zahid[2], and P. Ozil[1]
[1]Laboratoire d’Electrochimie et de Physico-chimie des Matériaux et des Interfaces (LEPMI), Saint Martin d’Hères, France
[2]European Institute for Energy Research (EIFER), Karlsruhe, Germany

Based on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology, the solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) offers an interesting solution for mass hydrogen production. This study proposes a multiphysics model to predict the SOEC behavior. A global approach and several electrochemical kinetic equations were used for modeling. The simulated results demonstrated that a Butler-Volmer’s equation including ...

A Dynamic Electrowetting Simulation using the Level-Set Method

B. Cahill[1], A. Giannitsis[1], G. Gastrock[1], M. Min[1,2], and D. Beckmann[1]
[1]Institut für Bioprozess- und Analysenmesstechnik e.V., Heiligenstadt, Germany
[2] Department of Electronics, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia

Electrowetting occurs with the electrical control of the surface wetting properties through the application of an electric potential. A simulation of electrowetting driven droplet dynamics is performed using the COMSOL Multiphysics level-set method for a sessile droplet and for a droplet in a microchannel. The response of the drop to a step voltage is studied. The contact angle at one edge of the ...

Analyzing Muffler Performance Using the Transfer Matrix Method 

K. Andersen
Dinex Emission Technology A/S, Middelfart, Denmark

Exhaust noise must meet legislation targets, customer expectations and cost reduction which call for design optimization of the exhaust systems in the design phase. One solution is to use 3 dimensional linear pressure acoustics and calculate the transfer matrix of the muffler. The transfer matrix is the basis for calculating either the insertion loss or transmission loss of a muffler. The 3D ...

Design of a High Field Gradient Electromagnet for Magnetic Drug Delivery to a Mouse Brain

I. Hoke, C. Dahmani, T. Weyh

Heinz-Nixdorf Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Elektronik, Fakultät für Elektro-und Informationstechnik, Technische Universität München, Germany

The application of nanoparticles coupled with medical agents to brain tumors remains one of the biggest obstacles in neuro scientific research. This work explores an optimal design of an electromagnet to overcome the blood-brain barrier by means of an intensive external magnetic field gradient. It is found that the field gradients depend strongly on the design of the magnet tip. The model ...

Accuracy Tests for COMSOL - and Delaunay Meshes

E. Holzbecher, and Hang Si
Weierstrass Institute for Applied Analysis and Stochastics (WIAS), Berlin, Germany

In the paper we examine the accuracy of various meshes for different model regions and simple differential equations in 2D and in 3D. We study the potential equation for a single irregular domain (2D testcase 1), for a simple domain with irregular sub-domains (2D testcase 2) and a 3D testcase. For testcase 1 we compare with the analytical solution, for testcases 2 with the best solution, obtained ...

Analysis of Ancient Natural Ventilation Systems inside the Pitti Palace in Florence

C. Balocco
Dipartimento di Energetica “Sergio Stecco”, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Firenze, Italy

This paper presents and discusses the first phase results of a wide ranging project concerning the study and prediction of the efficiency and energy performances of natural ventilation systems existing inside historic buildings. The air flow patterns, air temperature and air velocity distribution inside a historic building in Florence, the Pitti Palace, were studied by a transient simulation. A ...

Photonic/Plasmonic Structures from Metallic Nanoparticles in a Glass Matrix

O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, S. Wackerow, M. Beleites, and H. Graener
Inst. für Physik, Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, Germany

Glass containing nanoparticles is a promising material for various photonic applications due to the unique optical properties mainly resulting from the strong surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles. The characteristics of the resonance can be modified by varying size, shape and concentration of the particles. A finite element method (FEM) implemented in the software COMSOL ...

A Heat Transfer Model for Ugitech’s Continuous Casting Machine

C. Deville-Cavellin
Liquid Metal Metallurgy and Solidification department
Ugitech’s Research Center, Ugine, France

Dr. Christian Deville-Cavellin is a Research Engineer at Ugitech's Research Center, since 1995. Ugitech, member of the Schmoltz & Bickenbach group, is a stainless steel, long products producer. C. Deville-Cavellin is responsible for all research topics related to liquid metal metallurgy and solidification. He also keeps an expert role in machinability, within one of the french public ...

Thermal and Material Flow Modelling of Friction Stir Welding Using COMSOL

H. Schmidt[1,2], and J. Hattel[1]
[1]Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
[2]HBS Engineering, Frederiksberg, Denmark

Two friction stir welding models are presented – a global thermal model using the temperature dependent heat source and a local material flow and heat generation model allowing for detailed investigation of different contact conditions. The two models are coupled into a larger local-global model. The flow model includes frictional dissipation from the contact between the work piece and the ...

Calculation of Cable Parameters for Different Cable Shapes 

H. Lorenzen[1], J. Timmerberg[1], and S. Mylvaganam[2]
[1]Department of Electrical Engineering, UAS OOW, Wilhelmshaven, Germany
[2]Department Technology/Engineering, Telemark University College, Porsgrunn, Norway

Efforts involving simulation of  transmission line networks necessitate the accurate values of the parameters of the lines. In this paper, as an attempt in estimating such parameters, the parameters of high voltage asymmetric power lines are calculated. In the process of estimation, the three phase equivalent circuit model is used. The resistance and inductance of such lines are dependent on ...

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