Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Modeling Energy Harvesting From Membrane Vibrations in COMSOL

R.K. Kapania, R.C. Singh, and C. Sultan
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA

This paper presents an ongoing effort, motivated by developing self-contained sensors for structural health monitoring of inflatable structures, to model the process of extracting useable electrical power from the mechanical vibrations of thin, prestressed membrane structures. Energy harvesting from mechanical vibrations of these structures may provide enough power to operate both the sensors as ...

Understanding Ferrofluid Spin-Up Flows in Rotating Uniform Magnetic Fields

S. Khushrushahi, and M. Zahn
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA

A fully filled sphere of ferrofluid has constant demagnetizing factors in all three Cartesian directions such that when subjected to a uniform external rotating magnetic field the internal field is also uniform, and ultrasound measurements give no observable flow. Non-uniform magnetic fields or a non-uniform distribution of susceptibility are necessary conditions for ferrofluid spin-up flows in ...

Modeling of Lightning Direct Effects - Interaction of Continuing Current with Aluminum Skins

Y. Kostogorova-Beller[1], and R. Collins[2]
[1]National Institute for Aviation Research, Wichita, KS, USA
[2]Hawker Beechcraft Corporation, Wichita, KS, USA

An interaction of aluminum aircraft skins with a laboratory-simulated, low-level, long-duration, continuing current representative of a natural lightning flash was modeled with COMSOL Multiphysics. For the analysis of the lightning direct effects on aircraft, the external environment is represented by the idealized current components. Particularly Component C is used and is characteristic of ...

Thermal Printing on Composite Media

W.T. Vetterling
ZINK Imaging, Bedford, MA, USA

In direct thermal printing, media is exposed to heat pulses from a print head carrying a linear array of resistive heaters. In this study we investigate the degree to which a thin substrate can be combined with a more compressible sub-layer to provide a composite structure that will hug the heaters. A 3D view of the model using COMSOL Multiphysics shows a section of the glass bump ...

Thermo Mechanical Behavior of Heat Exchangers

A. Chidley, F. Roger, and A. Traidia
ENSTA Paristech, Palaiseau, France

Nowadays, to go along with sustainable development and for cost matters, automotive heat exchangers are built with less and less aluminum and the process costs are being cut. However, the real mechanical response is a plastic shakedown, which is why we need to model the cyclic response as well as to find a fatigue criterion. A finite element model was developed using COMSOL Multiphysics to ...

Effective Medium Theory of Nanodielectrics for Embedded Energy Storage Capacitors

R. Bikky, N. Badi, and A. Bensaoula
University of Houston, Houston, TX, USA

In this work, we present the effective properties of nanodielectrics with gold (Au) nanoparticles embedded in polymer (Polyvinyl Pyrrolidone (PVP)) matrix, calculated by using finite element method (FEM) based simulation in COMSOL Multiphysics software. Drude model is used to calculate size dependent complex dielectric function of Au. EMTs of Maxwell-Garnett, Bruggeman and Looyenga models are ...

Analysis of Multiconductor Quasi-TEM Transmission Lines and Multimode Waveguides

S.M. Musa[1], M.N.O. Sadiku[1], and O.D. Momoh[2]
[1]Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
[2]Indiana University-Purdue University, Fort Wayne, IN, USA

This paper presents an analysis approach of multicondcutor quasi-TEM lines transmission interconnect in a single dielectric region and multimode waveguides using the finite element method (FEM). FEM is especially suitable and effective for the computation of electromagnetic fields in strongly inhomogeneous media. We illustrate that FEM is suitable and effective as other methods for modeling of ...

Model of Combustion Synthesis of Thermoelectric Calcium Cobaltates

J. Selig, and S. Lin
Lamar University, Beaumont, TX, USA

Self-propagating High-temperature Synthesis (SHS), a very economical synthesis of oxides was used in our lab to produce oxide materials. SHS process uses a highly exothermic reaction to convert reactants rapidly to pure products with minimal external energy input. This reaction is initiated by an igniter and reaction front propagates from the ignition through the rest of the sample. The fast ...

Numerical Simulation of Exact Two-Dimensional Governing Equations for Internal Condensing Flows

S. Mitra, R. Naik, and A. Narain
Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

The paper outlines a two-dimensional computational methodology and presents results for laminar/laminar condensing flows inside mm- scale ducts. The methodology has been developed using MATLAB/COMSOL platform and is currently capable of simulating film-wise condensation for steady and unsteady flows. The results obtained are shown to be in agreement with an independently developed ...

Simulation of Laser-Material Interactions for Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscopy Experiments

B.W. Reed[1], T.B. LaGrange[1], G.H. Campbell[1], and N.D. Browning[1,2]
[1]Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA, USA
[2]University of California Davis, Davis, CA, USA

The Dynamic Transmission Electron Microscope (DTEM) at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory is a unique instrument able to capture images of fast-evolving microstructure with exposure times of only 15 ns. This is more than six orders of magnitude faster than conventional in situ electron microscopy and has enabled new insights into phase transformations, chemical reactions, and materials ...

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