S. Singer, W. H. Green
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
Transient, two-dimensional (axisymmetric) simulations of a cigarette subject to realistic static and forward smoldering cycles were performed. The computational domain consists of a porous packed bed of tobacco and a filter surrounded by a thin, porous paper and a region of surrounding air. The governing equations include overall mass conservation, momentum conservation, conservation equations ...
F. Ferrero, M. Kluge, R. Zeps, T. Spoormaker
BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing, Berlin, Germany
Chairman PlasticsEurope Fluoropolymers TFE Safety Task Force, Du Pont De Nemours, Dordrecht, The Netherlands
The self-ignition of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE) caused by contact with hot surfaces has been analyzed with the help of simulations performed with COMSOL Multiphysics®. The current study focuses on large-scale heated reactors for the industrial production of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) from TFE at high pressures. Simulations of the self-heating and consequent self-ignition of TFE in a ...
Modeling, Simulation, and Optimization of the Catalytic Reactor for Methanol Oxidative Dehydrogenation
T. M. Moustafa, M. Abou-Elreesh, and S.-E. K. Fateen
Department of Chemical Engineering, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
A steady state model was developed to investigate the performance of the catalytic partial oxidation tubular reactor for methanol oxidative dehydrogenation. The model utilized the kinetics developed from experimental results for the main reaction and three side reactions. The partial differential equations included in the model were the mass transfer equations for the seven components and the ...
H. Machrafi[1,2], S. Cavadias
University of Liège, Thermodynamics of Irreversible Phenomena, Liège, Belgium
University Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire des Procédés Plasma et Traitement de Surface, Paris, France
The purpose of this work is to show whether an important difference in Lithium solid concentration and electrolyte concentration can be observed in a Lithium-ion battery model, when considering either the Butler-Volmer kinetics or the Tafel kinetics for describing the electrode kinetics (including a boundary layer between the electrolyte and the electrode particles). During discharge, the lithium ...
S. Gunsekaran , R. C. Thiagarajan
ATOA Scientific Technologies Private Limited, Bangalore, India
Multiphysics Simulations of Physico-chemical and Biological Treatment of wastewater is increasing due to the demand for cost efficient plant design and utilization. Among the many processes, a thorough understanding of the settling behavior of an activated granular sludge in the secondary settler of an Effluent Treatment Plant (ETP) is critical for the plant designers to determine the efficiency ...
The Effect of Electrolyte Flow Slots in Tooling Electrodes on Workpiece Surface Finish in Electrochemical Machining
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
Electrochemical machining (ECM) uses electrolysis to precisely remove material at high rates. ECM has many advantages over conventional machining: no tool wear, no induced mechanical or thermal stresses, high removal rates virtually independent of material hardness or strength, and excellent surface finishes. However, challenges can arise during the design of the tooling electrode when ...
Numerical Modeling and Performance Optimization Study of a Dehumidification Process in Nuclear Waste Storage
Sogin Spa, Rome, Italy
One of the main parameters to consider during the nuclear waste storage design phase is the drum corrosion risk. The humid-air corrosion models available in literature predict that, for carbon steel, the phenomena start to become appreciable for relative humidity (RH) values close to 65%. In general, the corrosion rate increases exponentially with relative humidity above the RH threshold. To ...
Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark
The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...
A. Cammi, V. Di Marcello, and L. Luzzi
Politecnico di Milano, Department of Nuclear Engineering, Milan, Italy
This paper presents multiphysics modeling of a circulating nuclear fuel in a simple geometry by means of COMSOL Multiphysics.Among the Circulating Fuel Reactors (CFR), the most promising is the Molten Salt Reactor (MSR). Physics of such circulating nuclear fuel requires five coupled equations of conservation laws: the momentum balance, the energy balance, the neutron balance and the precursors ...
A. Malachowska, L. Pawlowski , A. Ambroziak , M. Winnicki , P. Sokolowski
University of Limoges, Limoges, France
Wroclaw University of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland
This paper studies oxide forming on titanium, during cold gas dynamic spraying with air. This is a quite new spraying method, which can be used to spray material having high affinity for oxygen. The model allows for the diffusion of oxygen through the oxide layer, reaction on the oxide-titanium interface and expansion of oxide, due to difference in molar density. It was implemented in COMSOL ...