Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

2-D Modeling of Underground Coal Gasification (UCG)

S. Mahajani[1], S. Srikantiah[1], G. Samdani[1], A. Ganesh[1], P. Aghalayam[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
[2]Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India

UCG is a process which converts coal to syn gas at the underground coal seam itself. UCG can help meeting the rising energy demand by utilizing coal resources that otherwise would be too deep, or of poor quality, or simply not economical to mine. As UCG takes place, a cavity is formed underground in the coal seam which grows three-dimensionally. The objective of this work is to develop a ...

Modeling of Turbulent Combustion in COMSOL Multiphysics®

D. Lahaye[1], L. Cheng[2]
[1]DIAM, EEMCS Faculty, TU Delft, The Netherlands
[2]Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

In the production of high quality materials by a heat treatment, it is indispensable to accurately predict the temperature inside the furnaces being employed. In this work we develop a turbulent combustion model for the heat being released by gas burners inside a shaft kiln. Turbulent combustion is the strongly coupled phenomena of the chemically reacting fuel and oxygen in a turbulent flow. We ...

Modeling 3D Calcium Waves from Stochastic Calcium Sparks in a Sarcomere Using COMSOL Multiphysics®

L. T. Izu[1], Z. Coulibaly[2], B. Peercy[2]
[1]University of California-Davis, Davis, CA, USA
[2]University of Maryland, Catonsville, MD, USA

This paper utilizes the COMSOL Multiphysics® general form PDE interface and MATLAB® to model stochastic calcium waves in a sarcomere (basic unit of a heart cell). The model we present here shows the evolution of waves generated from calcium being released stochastically from sites modeled as point sources. The release sites are distributed on z-disc (planes) in a hexagonal pattern, and their ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics for Microreactors Used in Catalytic Oxidation of Propane

S. Odiba[1], M. Olea[1], S. Hodgson[1], A. Adgar[1]
[1]Teesside University, School of Science and Engineering, Middlesbrough, United Kingdom

This research deals with the design of suitable microreactors for the catalytic oxidation of volatile organic compound (VOCs), using propane as a model molecule. The microreactor considered consists of eleven parallel channels, in which an Au/Cr/γ-Al2O3-catalyzed combustion reaction takes place. Each channel is 0.5 mm diameter and 100 mm long. The catalytic microreactor was simulated for ...

Kinetics of Carbon Dioxide Absorption into Mixed Aqueous Solutions of MDEA and MEA using Laminar Jet Apparatus and Numerically Solved Absorption-Rate/Kinetic Model

M. Edali1, A. Aboudheir2, and R. Idem1
1Process Systems Engineering, University of Regina, Regina, SK, Canada
2HTC Purenergy, Regina, SK, Canada

The experimental kinetic data obtained with a laminar jet apparatus for the absorption of carbon dioxide (CO2) in CO2 loaded mixed solutions of mixed MDEA and MEA were interpreted with the aid of a comprehensive numerically-solved absorption rate/kinetic model. The partial differential equations in this model were solved by two numerical techniques; the finite difference method (FDM) based on an ...

Thermal Modeling of a Honeycomb Reformer Including Radiative Heat Transfer

J. Schöne[1], A. Körnig[1], W. Beckert[1]
[1]Fraunhofer IKTS, Dresden, Germany

Reformer and catalytic burners are common components in fuel cell systems, crucial for efficient preparation of fuel and exhaust gases of the fuel cell stack. We intend to show the influence of radiation to the temperature distribution inside of a reformer unit. The model consists of an axisymmetric representation of the inlet-zone and a catalytic porous zone. Fluid flow, convective and ...

Simulation of Methane Adsorption in ANG Storage System

P.K. Sahoo[1], K.G. Ayappa[1], M. John[2], B.L. Newalkar[2], and N.V. Choudary[2]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Karnataka
[2]Corporate R&D Centre, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. Greater Noida, India

Recently adsorptive storage has been identified as the most promising low-pressure (3.5 - 4.0 MPa) alternative for storing natural gas for vehicular use. However in order to successfully implement this technology, the filling and discharge characteristics of the adsorbent bed must be well understood. Significant temperature changes that occur during adsorption and desorption retard the system ...

Modelling of Heat and Mass Transfer in Food Products

[1]M.B. Andreasen

[1]Danish Technological Institute, Aarhus C, Denmark

The use of the finite element method for understanding and analyzing the freezing and drying processes of food products is in focus in this paper. The objective of this study is to develop a model that can predict temperature distribution and weight loss of food products during the freezing and drying processes. The problem was solved by utilizing heat, mass transfer and moving mesh model. In ...

Modeling the Vanadium Oxygen Fuel Cell

F.T. Wandschneider[1], M. Küttinger[1], P. Fischer[1], K. Pinkwart[1], J. Tübke[1], H. Nirschl[2]
[1]Fraunhofer-Institute for Chemical Technology, Pfinztal, Germany
[2]Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany

A two-dimensional stationary model of a vanadium oxygen fuel cell is developed in COMSOL Multiphysics®. This energy storage device combines a vanadium flow battery anode and an oxygen fuel cell cathode. The oxygen reduction reaction generates additional water, leading to a degradation of the catalyst performance over time. A logistic function is introduced to the Butler-Volmer equation in order ...

COMSOL simulations using a comprehensive model for gas fluidized-bed reactors

Mahecha-Botero, A., Elnashaie, S.S.E.H., Grace, J.R., Lim, C.J.
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of British Columbia, East Mall, Vancouver, BC, Canada

COMSOL (formerly FEMLAB) is being utilized to solve partial differential equations simulating fluidized bed reactors as part of the development of a novel generalized fluidized-bed catalytic reactor model. Simulations are carried out to account for complex dynamic transport and hydrodynamic phenomena such as: heat and mass axial and radial anisotropic dispersion, temperature and pressure ...

Quick Search