Comparison Between Phase Field and ALE Methods to Model the Keyhole Digging During Spot Laser Welding
V. Bruyere, C. Touvrey, P. Namy
CEA-DAM, Is-sur-Tille, France
SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
Nowadays, spot laser welding is a full-fledged part of industrial manufacturing and is routinely used due to its advantages. It generates very located temperature gradients, and therefore, induces small distortions in the pieces. The COMSOL Multiphysics® software is used to model the interaction stage of an isolated impact made with a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. The free surface evolution has been ...
P. Lamy-Bracq and C. Coulouarn
Nexter Munitions, Tarbes, France
A solidification process of casting explosives in shell is studied in this paper. An enthalpy method approach is used to model the solidification process. Both the thermal and mechanical effects are taken into account. An ALE (Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian) method is used to represent the physical deformation due to solidification. Results from the model are verified against experimental results. ...
Multiphase, Dual Polymer Injection Molding and Cooling of an Open Cavity to Form both Distinct and Graduated Material Properties within a Complex Three-Dimensional Body
Continuum Blue Ltd, Forest Row, United Kingdom
With the advancement of medical devices and implants, many now require more advanced nonlinear, hyper-elastic materials such as elastomers to be extensively utilized in the body. This combined with the need to allow for considerably different, varying and graduated material responses within the three-dimensional device, poses a difficult challenge to manufacturing an elastomeric implant in a ...
Simulation of Dendritic Solidification in Cubic and HCP Crystals by Cellular Automaton and Phase-Field Models
M. A. Zaeem, H. Yin, and S. D. Felicelli
Center for Advanced Vehicular Systems, Mississippi State University, MS
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, TN
Mechanical Engineering Department, Mississippi State University, MS
A cellular automaton (CA)-finite element (FE) model and a phase field (PF)-FE model were used to simulate equiaxed dendritic growth during solidification of cubic and hexagonal crystals. The governing equations of PF model include three coupled partial differential equations (PDE) for evolution of concentration, temperature, and non-conserved PF variable. These PDEs were solved using the ...
Sulfur Deactivation Effects on Catalytic Steam Reforming of Methane Produced by Biomass Gasification
P. Sadooghi, R. Rauch
Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria
Sulfur, which is incorporated in the biomass structure, is released into the product gas during gasification as hydrogen sulfide. Hydrogen sulfide is known to deactivate nickel based steam reforming catalysts by chemisorption on the metal surface during steam reforming process. Desulfurization has a negative effect on the process efficiency therefore steam reforming has to be run without ...
R. Kumar, P. Singh
Bhabha Atomic Research Center, Trombay, Mumbai, India
High-power couplers working at 350 MHz for particle accelerator cavities are presently under development in the LEHIPA project at BARC. It is important to analyze RF losses on conducting surfaces and resulting thermal profiles. COMSOL Multiphysics® is used to study these coupled RF-thermal effects and estimate cooling requirements for these couplers. The RF loss on the copper conductors and ...
Abhinav Prasad, David Neihguk, Anil Kumar Jaswal
Mahindra Research Valley, Mahindra World City, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
This paper presents the simulation of exhaust gas heat recovery system for an automobile using COMSOL Multiphysics®. A double pipe heat exchanger is modeled in which the tube side medium is the hot exhaust gas and the shell side medium is water. The problem is divided into three parts i.e. Laminar flow in water regime, Turbulent flow in exhaust gases and Heat Transfer in solids. They are solved ...
S. P. Ruhela, V. Vinod, S. Kishore, B. K. Sreedhar, I. B. Noushad, B. Krishnakumar, P. Kalyanasundaram, and G. Vaidyanathan
 Fast Reactor Technology Group, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu, India
Steam Generator Test Facility (SGTF) is set up in IGCAR to optimize the design of Steam Generators (SG) for Fast Breeder Reactors. In the SG of SGTF heat exchange takes place from sodium which enters at 525 ºC and leaves at 355 ºC temperature to the water/steam which enters at 235 ºC and leaves at 493 ºC. To reduce the steady state differential temperature and thermal shock during ...
Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
A radio frequency-based cooking process for a meat product was modeled using the Heat Transfer Module. Included wasa term for internal heat generation as generated by Joule heating caused by an applied electric field. The dielectric and thermal properties were implemented as a function of temperature. The resulting simulation showed good agreement with experimental end point temperature data from ...
J. Dixon1, D. Burkes2, and P. Medvedev2
1Clemson University, Clemson, SC, USA
2Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID, USA
A three-dimensional heat transfer model of the friction bonding (FB) process implementing shallow pin penetration for cladding monolithic nuclear fuel foils is presented.Temperature distribution during the FB process as a function of fabrication parameters such as weld speed, tool load, and tool rotational frequency are predicted. Model assumptions, settings, and equations are described in ...