Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Comparison of 2D Conduction Models for Vertical Ground Coupled Heat Exchangers

A. Priarone[1], and S. Lazzari[2]
[1]DIPTEM-TEC, Università di Genova, Genova, Italia; Corresponding Author:
[2]DIENCA, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italia

The effect of the infinite length approximation on evaluating the temperature of the surface of Borehole Heat Exchangers is determined by means of COMSOL Multiphysics. In detail, two 2D models of a BHE are compared: in the first model, the domain is represented by a cross-section of the geometry, while in the second model, it is represented by an axial-section of the geometry and, thus, the BHE ...

Modeling a Novel Shallow Ground Heat Exchanger

M. Bottarelli[1], M. Bortoloni[1]
[1]Università degli Studi di Ferrara, Dipartimento di Architettura, Ferrara, Italia

Ground Heat Exchangers (GHXs) are rarely installed horizontally in linked ground source heat pumps used for space conditioning, because their energetic performance is lower than in the vertical solution. However, the horizontal one holds several advantages: it is easy to carry out and upkeep, it is more compliant with environmental regulations, and interferes marginally with groundwater systems. ...

Simulation of a Multilayer Thermal Regulator for an Optical Reference

J.A. Ospina[1] and E. Canuto[1]
[1]Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy

The research project under which the COMSOL simulations are performed deals with multilayer and fine thermal control of an optical reference cavity for space applications. The cavity, made of Ultra Low Expansion glass (Corning ULE), must be kept close to the zero expansion temperature of the glass (close to room temperature). The target can only be met by active control, while leaving the cavity ...

COMSOL Multiphysics® as a Tool to Increase Safety in the Handling of Acetylene Cylinders Involved in Fires

F. Ferrero[1], M. Beckmann-Kluge[1], and K. Holtappels[1]

[1]BAM Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing Division II.1 “Gases, Gas Plants”, Berlin, Germany

In this paper a mathematical model for predicting the heating-up of an acetylene cylinder involved in a fire is presented. In the simulations polynomial functions were used to describe the temperature dependency of the thermal properties of the cylinder interior, which is a complex system composed by a solid porous material, a solvent and acetylene dissolved in it. Model equations covered heat ...

Optimization of Dynamic Embedded, Water Based Surface Heat (and Cold) Emitting System for Buildings

S. Thomas[1], P.Y. Franck[1], and P. André[1]
[1]Department of Sciences and Environmental Management, University of Liège, Arlon, Belgium

This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity emitting device for building heating and cooling. The second part illustrates the numerical model developed to evaluate the device efficiency. Finally experimental test bench implementation and ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Multilayer Fabrics

S. Quiniou1, F. Lesage1, V. Ventenat2, and M. A. Latifi1
1Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy, France
2Centre de Recherche Decathlon, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in two-layer fabrics, used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear, is presented. It is based on a model described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of water vapor, free and adsorbed water and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. A specific ...

Thermal Simulation of an Evaporation Reactor

H. Rouch, and S. Desbois
Villard de Lans, France

In this article we present Simulations results of an evaporation reactor for optical layer applications. The thermal simulation concern the source of the evaporated material. An experimental problem is ralated to the shape of the material powder surface: due to the evaporation rate, the surface don\'t keep his flat initial shape and this has a strong effect on the local evaporation rate. In ...

Numerical Analysis of Heating and Ablating Non-Pyrolitic Materials

A. Davidy

In this paper a two dimensional time dependent model is developed and assessed to describe the interrelated processes of conduction, convective heating and ablation of non pyrolytic ablative material. An aerothermochemical analysis for the process of non-pyrolitic composite material regression in advanced solid-propellant rocket motors has been conducted. The analytical approach is similar in ...

Perforation Effect on a Rectangular Metal Hydride Tank for Hydriding and Dehydriding Process

E. Gkanas[1][2], S. Makridis[1][2], E. Kikkinides[1], A. Stubos[2]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Western Macedonia, Kozani, Greece
[2]Environmental Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, NCSR 'Demokritos', Agia Paraskevi, Athens, Greece

Hydrogen storage in a metal hydride bed, uses an intermetallic alloy that can absorb efficiently high amounts of hydrogen by chemical bonding resulting to metal hydrides. This alloy is capable of absorbing and desorbing hydrogen while maintaining its own structure. The heat, mass and momentum transfer in a metal-hydride reactor is mathematically described by energy, mass and momentum balance ...

Simulation of Heat-induced Fusing of Polymer Toner

Hoffmann, R.
Océ Printing Systems GmbH, Poing

The electrophotographic print process uses polymer toner particles to create the desired print image on the paper. After depositing the particles on the paper, the particle layer has to be heated beyond the glass point of the polymer to create a homogeneous layer. This fusing process is one of the most energy-consuming parts of the whole print process. It is therefore imperative to limit the ...

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