L. Teresi, V. Varano
LaMS - Modelling & Simulation Lab, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
Nematic Elastomers (NEs) possess both the elastic properties of rubbers and the orientational properties of liquid crystals. Those two properties makes the configuration of NEs very sensitive to isotropic-nematic phase transition. Our goal is to replicate with numerical experiments the phenomena of shape formation in Twist-Nematic Elastomers (TNEs): a flat bar evolves into a helicoidal shape ...
School for Engineering of Matter, Transport, and Energy, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, USA
Chemistry Department, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
Flexible electronics are temporarily affixed to a rigid carrier such as glass or silicon prior to device fabrication to facilitate robotic handling of the device, but also to allow optical lithography to stay within overlay design registration budget; without the rigid carrier, a freestanding flexible substrate such as polyimide would distort unacceptably during even minor temperature excursions ...
L. Sujatha, D. K. Balasubramanian, V. S. Selvakumar
Rajalakshmi Engineering College, Chennai, India
University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States
Micro Mirror is a versatile device which has been gaining popularity and also the importance of MEMS techniques to develop such devices. These mirrors find applications in fields such as optical switching, display and in medical fields for non-invasive imaging. A thermally actuated mirror moves in either vertical or horizontal directions for the given orientation. The ends of thermal actuators ...
B. Panchapakesan, M. Loeian
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA
Human made mechanical resonators have been around for a thousand years. Early applications included musical instruments and chronographs operating in millihertz to kilohertz frequencies while more recent interest has turned ultra-high frequency resonators and oscillators suitable for wireless technologies, mass sensing and even biological applications. The trend has been towards small, stiff and ...
Three-Dimensional Percolation Properties Simulation of a Marine Coating Based on Its Real Structure Obtained from Ptychographic X-Ray Tomography
B. Chen, M. Guizar-Sicairos, G. Xiong, L. Shemilt, A. Diaz, J. Nutter, N. Burdet, S. Huo, F. Vergeer, A. Burgess, I. Robinson
London Centre for Nanotechnology, University College London, London, UK
Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen, Switzerland
AkzoNobel Co. Ltd., Sassenheim, Netherlands
AkzoNobel (UK) Co. Ltd., Tyne and Wear, UK
We present quantitative nano-scale analysis of the 3D spatial structure of an anticorrosive aluminium epoxy barrier marine coating obtained by ptychographic X-ray computed tomography (PXCT) [1-3]. We then use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to perform simulations on the acquired real 3D structure to demonstrate how percolation through this actual 3D structure impedes ion diffusion in the ...
Finite Element Analysis of Temperature and Viscosity Effects on Resonances in Thin-Film Bulk Acoustic Wave Resonators
G. Rughoobur, M. DeMiguel-Ramos, L. García-Gancedo, M. Clement, J. Olivares, T. Mirea, W. I. Milne, E. Iborra, A. J. Flewitt
University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
The shear mode of film bulk acoustic resonators (FBARs) is preferred to the longitudinal mode owing to its lower acoustic losses in a liquid. However in addition to mass loading, the resonance is also affected by temperature and liquid viscosity. These two parameters can either be sensed or compensated using a layer of silicon dioxide, which has a unique temperature coefficient of elasticity. In ...
F. F. Dall'Agnol, A. C. F. de Mattos
Center for Information Technology Renato Archer (CTI), Campinas, SP, Brazil
We simulate a Capacitive Micromachined Ultrasound Transducer (CMUT) using COMSOL Multiphysics® software. The CMUT is an electromechanical system, therefore, we couple the physics of electrical and structural mechanics to describe its dynamics. We obtain the distributions of the electric field and the stress as a function of time. Finally, we derived the time evolution of the device for several ...
F. Lugli and F. Zerbetto
Department of Chemistry “G. Ciamician”, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
A small particle or a nano-sized object placed in a liquid is subject to random collisions with solvent molecules. The resulting erratic movement of the object is known as Brownian motion, which, in nature, cannot be used to any practical advantage both in natural systems (such as biomolecular motors) or by artificial devices. If energy is supplied by external source or by chemical reactions, ...
H. Sun, and F. Jamil
University of Massachusetts, Lowell
The micromixer is one of the important components of Lab-On-a-Chip, but where the molecular diffusion, which is often a slow process, limits the mixing efficiency of two or more streams due to the unique laminar flows in these micro scale devices. This paper studies a mixing concept based on a vibrating micro-plate in the microfluidic channels to achieve an efficient mixing ability. A ...
G. Soni, C. Meinhart, and T. Squires
University of California Santa Barbara
Induced Charge Electroosmosis (ICEO) refers to a fluid flow phenomenon in which an electric field induces a charge cloud (electric double layer) on a polarizable surface and sets up a tangential electric field to move this charge cloud along the surface, which in turn causes a fluid flow pattern. In our case, we considered nonlinear effects such as nonlinear capacitance, surface conduction, ...