Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

COMSOL Multiphysics and the Fuel Cell

J.J. Hwang
National University of Tainan

This presentation considers multiphysics modeling of Fuel Cells. The presentation introduces the fundamentals of Fuel Cells, the need for computer aided modeling of them, different difficulties and hindrances one encounters when modeling Fuel Cells, and methods to overcome these difficulties when modeling them. A good understanding and thorough discussion on different types of Fuel Cells ...

Using COMSOL in Curved Spacetimes

Christian Cherubini
Universitá Campus Biomedico
Rome, Italy

Finite elements are a very powerful tool for theoretical physics. COMSOL allows people to easily handle them without facing the problem of programming long FORTRAN/C++ codes. This presentation will show the use of COMSOL in curved spacetimes. --------------------------------- Christian Cherubini was one of the keynote speakers at the COMSOL User's Conference, fall 2005 in Milano

Developing direct methanol fuel cells using FEMLAB as a modeling tool

Gianluca Bollito
Centro Ricerche FIAT
Orbassano, Italy

Fuel cell converts chemical energy directly to electrical energy through oxidation-reduction reactions. It consists of an electrolyte between two electrodes, the anode and the cathode. The engineering and materials challenges that must be overcome to produce fuel cells small enough for micro-applications (telephones, PDAs, etc.) are enormous, and will require innovative ...

Heat and Mass Transfer in Multilayer Fabrics

S. Quiniou1, F. Lesage1, V. Ventenat2, and M. A. Latifi1
1Laboratoire des Sciences du Génie Chimique, Nancy, France
2Centre de Recherche Decathlon, Villeneuve d'Ascq, France

In this paper, an investigation of heat and mass transfer in two-layer fabrics, used in the manufacture of comfortable sportswear, is presented. It is based on a model described by partial differential equations representing the mass balance of water vapor, free and adsorbed water and the heat balance in the fabric. The model involves several unknown physical and transfer parameters. A specific ...

Numerical Modeling of the Electrochemical Behaviour of Metallic Alloys based upon Experimental Measurements at the Macro- and Microscale

H. Krawiec1, V. Vignal2, and R. Akid3
1AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
2ICB, UMR 5209 CNRS, Université de Bourgogne, Dijon, France
3Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, UK

Micro capillary-based techniques allow the interrogation of single metallurgical sites and are therefore becoming increasingly popular for the investigation of the electrochemical behavior of metallic phases and non-metallic heterogeneities in alloys. This study was carried out to assess the differences between current measurements made using a 'closed' micro-capillary system (the electrochemical ...

Image Denoising and Segmentation using COMSOL Multiphysics

F. Zama
Department of Mathematics, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy

Partial differential equations have recently become popular and useful tools for several image processing tasks such as image de-noising and segmentation.In this work, we implement a unified image de-noising and segmentation approach which is based on a nonlinear diffusion equation with a reactive term for achieving edge preserving smoothing and segmentation. This model is highly nonlinear and ...

Benchmark between CPO (Charged Particle Optics) and COMSOL Multiphysics

J.-M. Barois, and C. Goulmy
PHOTONIS, Brive, France

Streak tubes are widely used in high-speed signal analysis; they give spatial, temporal and intensity information about one single event. Time resolutions of 0.7 pico-second can be achieved and in that time-domain, PHOTONIS tubes are second-to-none.Applications are numerous and range from plasma physic to femtosecond laser applications. In streak tubes, electrons move from the photocathode to the ...

Geothermal Water in Oil Reservoirs: A new 2D Model solved with COMSOL

M. C. Suarez-Arriaga1, F. Samaniego2, and J. Bundschuh3
1Faculty of Sciences, Michoacan University, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
2Faculty of Engineering, National University of Mexico, Morelia, Mich., Mexico
3Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (ICE), Morelia, Mich., Mexico

We developed a new numerical model able to predict the critical oil rate for which oil-producing wells can be invaded by geothermal brine. The model is a single nonlinear partial differential equation (PDE) which depends only on water saturation. This PDE is a 3D-generalization of the classical 1D-Buckley-Leverett model. To solve this model, we used Lagrange-quadratic finite elements into the ...

Implementation of Cable Theory of Neurophysiology in COMSOL

G. V. Narayanan
University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, USA

Computational neuroscience seeks to develop mathematical models describing how the nervous system or some part of it carries out certain operations. Unfortunately, realistic models are typically so complex as to preclude a detailed mathematical analysis. Hence, a simplified 1-D cable theory has been developed, and this theory is used in neuroscience to study the behavior of neurons.In this paper, ...

Geometrical Optimization of Pyrophosphate Concentration in Thermosequencing Platform for DNA Sequencing

H. Esfandyarpour1,2, B. Zheng1, R. F. W. Pease1, and R. W. Davis2
1Center for Integrated Systems, Department of Electrical Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
2Stanford Genome Technology Center, Stanford, CA, USA

For the past three decades, Sanger’s method has been the primary DNA sequencing technology; however, inherent limitations in cost and complexity have limited its usage in personalized medicine and ecological studies. A new technology called “Thermosequencing” can potentially reduce both the cost and complexity of DNA sequencing by using a microfluidic platform. To optimize the efficiency of ...

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