Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Formation Of Porosities During Spot Laser Welding : Case Of Tantalum Joining

C. Touvrey
CEA Valduc, France

During the welding of tantalum with a ND: YAG pulsed laser, a deep and narrow cavity, called the keyhole, is formed. At the end of the process, surface tension forces provoke the collapse of the keyhole. For important interface deformations, gas bubbles can be trapped into the melting pool. If the solidification time is insufficient, these bubbles give birth to residual porosities. The aim of the ...

FEM-Investigations Of Superconductor/Ferromagnet Heterostructures: A Compliance Test Between Various Models

P. Krüger[1], F. Grilli[1], Y. Genenko[2], and R. Brambilla[2]
[1]Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
[2]Technical University Darmstadt, Germany, ERSE Spa, Milan, Italy

In recent years, a number of numerical and finite-element-methods in particular - some implemented in COMSOL - have been developed to investigate various properties of superconducting materials. Following converse conclusions by different models regarding similar physical phenomena, the consistency of these models has been of increased interest. In this publication the accordance of an ...

Numerical Simulation Of Laminar Flow Above And Below Triangular Bedforms

C. Gualtieri
University of Napoli Federico II, Naples, Italy

This paper presents some results of numerical simulations carried out to investigate the basic hydrodynamic interactions between the laminar flow in the water column above triangular bedforms and the Darcian flow in the underlying permeable sediments. The flow was described by the Navier-Stokes equation in the free region and the Darcy equation in the porous region. Numerical simulations were ...

Comparative Study of an Open Waveguide.Application to Deconvolution of a Magnetic Probe in Near-Field Zone

A. Saghir, J.W. Tao, and C. Avram
INP, Laplace site Enseeiht, Toulouse, France

We present here our work on deconvolution of a magnetic probe to mesure electromagnetic emissions in near-field zone. To achieve this work,we have chosen a rectangular waveguide (WR90) as a radiating structure.Theoritical near-field is simulated using a FEM software (COMSOL) and also obtained by using a program based on transverse operator method (TOM), that lead to a very good field ...

Influence of pH and Carbonate Buffering on the Performance of a Lactate Microbial Fuel Cell

A.Torrents, N. Godino, F.J. del Campo, F.X. Muñoz, and J. Mas
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Microbia Fuel Cells (MFC’s) are complex environments where electrochemical, physical and biological aspects must be considered together. In this work we present a 1D model partially describing a Shewanella oneidensis MFC that degrade sodium lactate [lactate -> Acetate + CO2 + 2H+ + 2e-]. The model, simulated using COMSOL, focuses on pH implications of the MFC operation. Release of protons ...

Acoustic Emission Simulation for Online Impact Detection

C. Yang, M. A. Torres-Arredondo, and C.-P. Fritzen
Institute of Mechanics and Control Engineering
University of Siegen
Siegen, Germany

Impact monitoring has been extensively studied by several researchers and it has been shown that damage extent can be correlated with the impact magnitude. In order to make the process cost-effective, simulation of the impact has been performed, to get the big training data set from modeling. The structural dynamic responses captured by PZT transducers due to impact events are recorded from ...

Numerical Experiments for Thermally-induced Bending of Nematic Elastomers with Hybrid Alignment

L. Teresi[1], and A. DeSimone[2]
[1]LaMS - Modeling & Simulation Lab, University Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]SISSA - International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy

We deal with Liquid Crystal Elastomers (LCEs) having hybrid alignment (HNEs), that is, fabricated with a given non-homogeneous nematic orientation. For such a materials, permanent distortions induced by deswelling can be compensated by those resulting from cooling below the transition temperature, thus yielding the possibility of producing temperature-driven actuators. Here, we simulate the ...

Effect of Gas Flow Rate and Gas Composition in Ar/CH4 Inductively Coupled Plasmas

L. Tong
Keisoku Engineering System Co. Ltd.

The discharge properties in low pressure inductively coupled Ar/CH4 plasmas operating at an RF frequency of 13.56 MHz and total gas pressure of 20 mTorr are studied in this work. The calculation of gas flow is performed in coupling with the plasma simulation. The gas flow rate is varied from 20 to 1000 sccm. The species taken into account include electrons, six kinds of molecules, eleven kinds ...

Surface Aeration System Modeling using COMSOL

G. Selembo, P. Selembo, J. Stanton, and G. Paulsen
University of North Carolina
Charlotte, NC

Surface aeration systems are used in the wastewater treatment industry for the transfer of oxygen in the activated sludge process. These systems are capital intensive and also require a significant amount of energy to operate. Scale-up and design of these systems is largely empirical, and due to the size of these systems, modifications for experimental testing can be economically prohibitive. ...

Modeling of the Heat Transfer Between a CO2 Sequestration Well and the Surrounding Geological Formation

B. Sponagle[1], M. Amadu[2], D. Groulx[1], and M. Pegg[2]
[1]Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
[2]Process Engineering and Applied Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

In a carbon sequestration system CO2 would be pumped down a well and into a reservoir at supercritical temperatures and pressures. An important consideration is the long term stability of the reservoir. The goal of these simulations is to thermally model the injection well and investigate the temperature gradient developed in the cap rock. Ultimately, results from this study will lead to an ...

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