Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Simulation of a Joule Heating Problem

S.M.F. Garcia[1], and P. Seshaiyer[2]
[1]U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, USA
[2]George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, USA

In this work we consider a 1-D mathematical model that describes a heating problem combined with electrical current flows in a body which may undergo a phase change as a result of the heat generated by the current, so-called Joule heating. The model consists of a system of nonlinear partial differential equations with quadratic growth in the gradient. Joule heating is generated by the resistance ...

Biological Effects and Therapeutic Applications of Electromagnetic Radiations

A. Singh[1], S. Maini[1], and M. Anupma[1]
[1] Department of Electrical & Instrumentation Engineering, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology , Longowal (Deemed University), Punjab, India

The electromagnetic fields have a great influence on the behavior of all the living systems. The human body itself is a source of naturally generated electric and magnetic fields. When external signals of comparable strength flows through the human body; the nature of changes that such signals could induce in natural electrochemical processes and voltage is a subject of interest and of ...

Numerical Study of an LTD Stirling Engine with Porous Regenerator

N. Martaj[1], P. Rochelle[1][2], L. Grosu[1], R. Bennacer[3], and S. Savarese[4]
[1]Universitè de Paris, Paris, France
[2]Institut Jean Le Rond d'Alembert, Université Paris 6
[3]Laboratoire LEEVAM «Environnement, Energétique, Valorisation, Matériaux», Universitéde Cergy-Pontoise
[4]COMSOL France, 5 pl. R Schuman, 38000 Grenoble

The alternative engines of Stirling type, are engines running on "hot air", using both an external heat source and regeneration. They should be considered as an alternative for the effective conversion of renewable energy sources into work, with their theoretical yield equal to the theoretical Carnot limit. The output efficiency and the power of these engines are strongly related to the ...

Numerical Simulation of Heart Valve Motion and Fluid Structure Interaction

Tijerino Monge, T., Carmona Infante, V.
Costa Rica

This model studies a portion of the vascular system of a normal person, in particular the left ventricle and the mitral valve of the heart. The flowing blood applies pressure to the ventricle before, after and specially during the contraction process of the heart, thereby deforming the structure.

Thermal Stability of an HTS AC Armature Winding

Morega, A.M.1, Ordonez, J.C.2
1 Department of Electrical Engineering, POLITEHNICA University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering and Center for Advanced Power Systems, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL

The armature of a High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) motor is usually an AC copper air winding mounted in an iron-less stator. This unconventional winding is the siege of intense power dissipation by Joule and variable magnetic field effects, and has to be thoroughly designed to provide for the thermal stability of the HTS motor. For a more detailed knowledge of the thermal field beyond ...

Charakterisierung einer magnetorheologischen Flüssig-keit für die Innenhochdruck-Umformung von Rohren

Dal Bó, P., Blankl, A., Geiger, M.
Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Lehrstuhl für Fertigungstechnologie, Erlangen, Deutschland

Bei der Innenhochdruck-Umformung von Rohren findet die Umformung durch eine Kombination aus Aufweiten und Stauchen statt. Aufgrund des Innendrucks und der daraus resultierenden Reibung zwischen Werkzeug und Werkstück erfolgt bei einem sehr langen Rohr kein weiteres Nachschieben in die Aufweitzone, sondern lediglich ein Aufstauchen in der Führungszone. Mit Hilfe der Strömung eines hochviskosen ...

Providing an Entry Length in Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactors with Fast Diffusion

D. Dalle Nogare[1] and P. Canu[1]

[1]Department of Chemical Engineering Principles and Practice, University of Padova, Padova, Italy

This work investigates the effects of boundary conditions on the species profiles in heterogeneous catalysis, with low Péclet systems. Hydrogen combustion in Helium was chosen because of the high diffusivities. Furthermore, already at T=300°C over a Pt catalyst, kinetics is very fast and the composition gradients at the inlet extremely steep. The issue is analyzed with 1D models, ...

Flow Analysis for a Sorghum Brewing Fermentation Process

T.A. Owosina
Simulo Technologies, Lagos, Nigeria

A qualitative flow analysis by numerical simulation of a fermentation process in a sorghum factory is presented. The simulations were done with the Numerical modeling software, COMSOL Multiphysics. Several flow arrangements were considered in the study and as a result, optimized flow configurations were evolved.

Stresses in Carotid Plaques Using MRI-based Fluid Structure Interaction Models

S.A. Kock [1], E. Fründ [1], W.Y. Kim [1], and J.V. Nygaard [2]
[1] Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark,
[2] Aarhus University, Denmark

Using magnetic resonance images, a model was created of an atherosclerotic plaque in a patient. A fluid-structure interaction analysis was then carried out in order to determine principal stresses in the protective fibrous cap. Results indicate stresses at high blood pressure in excess of 300 kPa, the established cap rupture strength. The technique could prove to be of great value to ...

Wireless Interaction of Neighboring Two Arm Archimedes Spiral Coils in the RF Electromagnet Range

A. Kalinowski[1]
[1]Naval Undersea Warfare Center/ Division Newport, Newport, RI, USA

The paper addresses a class of problems for modeling and consequently simulating the electromagnetic field radiation pattern from two arms Archimedes spiral coils. The frequency spatial wavelengths relative to the coil dimensions are in a range where the electromagnetic Maxwell’s equations are solved numerically via the RF Module of COMSOL ...

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