J.-M. Barois, and C. Goulmy
PHOTONIS, Brive, France
Streak tubes are widely used in high-speed signal analysis; they give spatial, temporal and intensity information about one single event. Time resolutions of 0.7 pico-second can be achieved and in that time-domain, PHOTONIS tubes are second-to-none.Applications are numerous and range from plasma physic to femtosecond laser applications. In streak tubes, electrons move from the photocathode to the ...
M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...
D. Bichsel1, and P. Wittwer2
1HESSO, Ecole d'Ingénieurs de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
2DPT, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss a new numerical scheme involving adaptive boundary conditions which allows to compute, at very low Reynolds numbers, drag and lift of airfoils with rough surfaces; efficiently and with great precision.As an example, we present the numerical implementation for an airfoil consisting of a line segment. The solution of the Navier-Stokes equations is singular at the leading and trailing ...
Energy Exchange During Electron Emission from Carbon Nanotubes: Considerations on Tip Cooling Effect and Destruction of the Emitter
M. Dionne, S. Coulombe, and J. Meunier
Department of Chemical Engineering, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Murphy and Good general theory for electron emission from metal surfaces was used to predict the field-emission capabilities of ideal arrays of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT). The Nottingham effect was taken into account in order to explain experimental observation of a localized cooling of the VACNT tips during field emission and the total destruction of very short emitters at ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...
O. Nicotra, and A. La Magna
CNR-IMM Sezione di Catania, Catania, Italy
One of the major applications for dielectrophoresis is the selective trapping and fractionation in lab-on-a-chip devices. Nevertheless, many-particle effects due to high concentrations of biological material around electrodes can cause a rapid decrease of trapping efficiency in dielectrophoretic devices. In this contribution we present a new approach based on a drift-diffusion dynamics to study ...
S. Musa and M. Sadiku
College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX, USA
Due to the complexity of electromagnetic modeling, researchers and scientists always look for development of accurate and fast methods to extract the parameters of electronic interconnects and package structures. In this paper, we illustrate modeling of multiconductor interconnects in multilayered dielectric media using COMSOL Multiphysics and the finite element method. We specifically determine ...
J. Caire, A. Bouh, and E. Guilminot
LEPMI, UMR 5631, INPG - CNRS, Saint Martin d’Hères, France
EPCC, Arc'Antique, Nantes, France
Restoration of archaeological materials from oceans is a major activity of Arc’ Antique. Organic materials such as wood, tissues, leathers, papers and ceramics found in sea water are always impregnated with salts. Rinsing such archaeological objects with pure water to extract the salts takes too long, so electrophoresis was used to improve the salt extraction. The objective of this ...
Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, and S. Chen
Wuhan University, College of Chemistry and Molecular Science, Wuhan, China
COMSOL Multiphysics is a very helpful simulation software in our researches on both PEMFC and nanometer-sized electrodes. In the first part of our presentation, the influence of humidity and temperature to the performance of PEMFC are studied by simulating the MEA (membrane electrode assembly) in PEMFC. In the second part, models of different nanometer-sized electrodes, including spherical ...