Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm and University of Texas
Virtual prototyping is used for understanding, verifying, planning, controliing, and optimizing a technical application. It the industrial component computational science and engineering and can be called "the third pillar of modern science". The future of virtual prototyping will be multiscale and multiphysics models and simulations. --------------------------------- Keynote speaker's ...
B. Morel1, P. Namy2, C. Belhomme1, and I. Crassous3
1Comurhex, Pierrelatte, France
2SIMTEC, Grenoble, France
3LI2C, Paris, France
Modeling electrolysers is a challenge because of the strong coupling between electrical, thermal and CFD equations. Indeed the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte varies with the temperature, which in turn depends on the heat dissipated by the Joule effect and anode over-voltage.In the present study, the fluid velocity values are computed near the electrodes using a diphasic level set ...
J. P. Caire, and F. Jomard
LEPMI, ENSEEG, Saint Martin d'Hères, France
The purpose of this study was the optimization of an industrial furnace from a thermal point of view. Such a cylindrical furnace contains an Al-Mg molten alloy covered by a KCl-NaCl molten salt layer floating on it to prevent alloy evaporation. When tilting the cylindrical furnace, it was necessary to compute the relation between the salt and alloy volumes and the area of the liquid alloy/salt ...
J.-M. Barois, and C. Goulmy
PHOTONIS, Brive, France
Streak tubes are widely used in high-speed signal analysis; they give spatial, temporal and intensity information about one single event. Time resolutions of 0.7 pico-second can be achieved and in that time-domain, PHOTONIS tubes are second-to-none.Applications are numerous and range from plasma physic to femtosecond laser applications. In streak tubes, electrons move from the photocathode to the ...
M. F. Santillo1, and A. G. Ewing1,2
1Department of Chemistry, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden
A microfluidic device for performing multiplexed cell bioassays has been successfully developed. The device takes advantage of laminar flow and hydrodynamic focusing in order to selectively load cells into various culture chambers and address cells with pharmacological agents. Both computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations and fluorescence microscopy illustrate how fluid flow can be ...
S. L. Butler
Department of Geological Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, SK, Canada
Partial melting occurs beneath mid-ocean ridges in Earth's mantle and the resulting liquid migrates to the surface to form a new oceanic crust. In this system, mass can be exchanged between the liquid and solid phases through melting and solidification and, at the high temperatures and pressures associated with the Earth's interior, the solid matrix deforms through the process of compaction, ...
D. Bichsel1, and P. Wittwer2
1HESSO, Ecole d'Ingénieurs de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
2DPT, Université de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
We discuss a new numerical scheme involving adaptive boundary conditions which allows to compute, at very low Reynolds numbers, drag and lift of airfoils with rough surfaces; efficiently and with great precision.As an example, we present the numerical implementation for an airfoil consisting of a line segment. The solution of the Navier-Stokes equations is singular at the leading and trailing ...
S. Palaich, and B. Daly
Physics and Astronomy Department, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA
When the dimensions of the material approach is a comparable size to the phonon mean free path, heat flow enters a new regime, the nanoscale. The Fourier and Cattaneo Equations describe bulk heat flow well, but radiative boundary terms must be considered when modeling nanoscale heat flow. We take these equations and input them into COMSOL with the hope of eventually linking nanoscale and bulk ...
M. Suárez , and F. Samaniego 
Faculty of Sciences, Michoacán University (UMSNH), Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico
Faculty of Engineering Postgrade Studies Division, National University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, Mexico
New geothermal energy sources hold promise for the future. Deep submarine geothermal energy related to hydrothermal vents is emerging in many places along the oceanic spreading centers. Shallow submarine geothermal systems are found near to continental platforms. We present the initial development of mathematical models to simulate the energy transport in submarine systems. A model for the ...
A. Auge, F. Wittbracht, A. Weddemann, and A. Hütten
Department of Physics, University of Bielefeld, Germany
Transport phenomena in spatially periodic magnetic systems, in particular the directed transport of magnetic beads in a so called magnetic ratchet (Brownian motor) are considered. Simulations are carried out to test and optimize this system, where the Smoluchowski equation with flux terms for the magnetic and gravitational force is used. Furthermore, experiments are carried out to verify the ...