Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Experiments for Thermally-induced Bending of Nematic Elastomers with Hybrid Alignment

L. Teresi[1], and A. DeSimone[2]
[1]LaMS - Modeling & Simulation Lab, University Roma Tre, Roma, Italy
[2]SISSA - International School for Advanced Studies, Trieste, Italy

We deal with Liquid Crystal Elastomers (LCEs) having hybrid alignment (HNEs), that is, fabricated with a given non-homogeneous nematic orientation. For such a materials, permanent distortions induced by deswelling can be compensated by those resulting from cooling below the transition temperature, thus yielding the possibility of producing temperature-driven actuators. Here, we simulate the ...

Efficiency of Evacuated Tubular Solar Thermal Collector

J. Ma and X. Wei
Southeastern Louisiana University
Hammond, LA

Using COMSOL® 3.5a, models were created to simulate the heat transfer between the working fluid and the selective coating as well as the natural convection of the working fluid itself. In these models, a constant heat input on half of the selective coating facing the sun was considered as energy input from the sun, and the open end of the tube, where the working fluid can flow in and out of the ...

Finite Element Analysis of Integrated Circuit Interconnect Lines on Lossy Silicon Substrate

S. Musa[1], M. Sadiku[1], and A. Emam[2]

[1]Roy G. Perry College of Engineering, Prairie View A&M University, Prairie View, TX
[2]Information Systems Department, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

The silicon substrate has a significant effect on the inductance parameter of a lossy interconnect line on an integrated circuit. It is essential to take this into account in determining the transmission line electrical parameters. In this paper, a new quasi-TEM capacitance and inductance analysis of multiconductor multilayer interconnects is successfully demonstrated using the finite element ...

Numerical Aspects of the Implementation of Artificial Boundary Conditions for Laminar Fluid-Structure Interactions

C. Boeckle[1], P. Wittwer[1]
[1]University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

We discuss the implementation of artificial boundary conditions for stationary Navier-Stokes flows past bodies in the half-plane, for a range of low Reynolds numbers. When truncating the half-plane to a finite domain for numerical purposes, artificial boundaries appear. We present an explicit Dirichlet condition for the velocity at these boundaries in terms of an asymptotic expansion for the ...

Viscoelastic Mechanical Analysis for High Temperature Process of a Soda-Lime Glass Using COMSOL Multiphysics

R. Carbone[1]
[1]Material and Production Engineering Department, University of Naples “Federico II”, Naples, Italy

Glasses are widely used in the modern industry. For high temperature the glass behaves very much like a Newtonian liquid with temperature-dependent viscosity. The goal of this study is to set a numerical procedure in order to study the glass forming process of soda-lime glasses used in the automotive field by means numerical simulations.

Coupled Electric-Thermal-Fluid Analysis of High Voltage Bushing

G. Eriksson[1]
[1]ABB, Corporate Research, Västerås, Sweden

Modern power transmission systems are in general designed to operate at high voltages in order to reduce resistive losses generated by high currents. This, however, tends to increase the risk for dielectric breakdown or flashovers if the equipment is not properly designed to withstand the stress. The present work illustrates how multiphysics simulations can be used to analyze and predict the ...

Thermal Analysis of Packaged Deep Ultraviolet LEDs

A. Dobrinsky[1], M. Shatalov[1], M. Shur[1], R. Gaska[1]
[1]Sensor Electronic Technology, Columbia, SC, USA

Deep Ultraviolet Light Emitting Diodes (DUV LEDs) are presently operating at a relatively low efficiency, thus large amount of LED driving power is dissipating in heat. Thermal heating degrades LED performance and decreases LED’s lifetime. The degradation of DUV LED devices with temperature increase makes thermal management a key issue for DUV LEDs. We present a thermal analysis of DUV LED ...

Thermal Adversity in Solid-State Lighting

T. Dreeben[1]

COMSOL Multiphysics is used to simulate natural convection and its impact on peak operating temperatures of solid-sate lighting in thermally adverse conditions. PDE modes in the general form are used in conjunction with a thin-surface conduction formulation in the weak form. COMSOL is used to predict both temperatures and heat flows through numerous components of the configuration. Model ...

Modeling of Atmosphere Revitalization

R. Coker[1], J. Knox[1], K. Kittredge[1]
[1]NASA - Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL, USA

All spacecraft systems must be minimized with respect to mass, power, and volume. Here, we focus on current efforts to improve system efficiency and reliability for water separation systems to be used on crewed vehicles. These development efforts combine sub-scale systems testing and multi-physics simulations to evaluate candidate approaches. The best performing options will then be ...

Effect of Interfacial Charge on the Drop Deformation under the Application of Oscillatory Electric Field.

R. Patil[1], and V. A. Juvekar[1]
[1] Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Maharashtra

Study of interaction of drops and bubbles with electric field is important for understanding the physics involved in various physical phenomenas and industrial processes. Important applications arise in colloidal systems (Miller and Scriven, 1970), meteorology and cloud physics (Sartor, 1969), electrostatic spraying of liquids (Balachandran and Bailey, 1981), power engineering applications ...

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