Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Heat Propagation Improvement in YBCO-Coated Conductors for Superconducting Fault Current Limiters - new

D. M. Djokic[1], L. Antognazza[1], M. Abplanalp[2], M. Decroux[1]
[1]DPMC, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
[2]ABB Corporate Research Centre, Dättwil, Switzerland

YBCO Coated Conductors (CCs), used for applications in Resistive Superconducting Fault Current Limiters (RSFCLs), are known to have insufficiently high Normal Zone Propagation Velocity (NZPV) during quench events. The improvement can be made by enhancing the thermal conductivity of YBCO-CCs with no decrease in the electrical resistivity. We studied the advantage of multilayered structures grown ...

Generalized Plane Piezoelectric Problem: Application to Heterostructure Nanowires - new

H. T. Mengistu[1], A. García-Cristóbal[1]
[1]Material Science Institute, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain

The possibility to dispose of two-dimensional (2D) approaches to problems originally posed in a three-dimensional (3D) geometry is always desirable since it reduces significantly the computing resources needed for numerical studies. In this work we report on a new 2D approach called Generalized Plane Piezoelectric (GPP) problem [1] and apply it to the calculation of the strain and electric fields ...

Investigation of Mean-Flow Effects on Tubular Combustion Chamber Thermoacoustics Using a Burner Transfer Matrix Approach - new

A. Andreini[1], B. Facchini[1], A. Innocenti[1], D. Pampaloni[1]
[1]University of Florence, Florence, Italy

The paper presents a methodology to account for local mean-flow effects on thermo-acoustic instabilities to improve typical calculations performed under the zero-Mach number assumption. A 3D FEM model of a simplified combustor is solved with COMSOL Multiphysics® Pressure Acoustics interface. The Helmholtz equation is used to model the combustor and the classical k-τ model for the Flame Transfer ...

Simulation and Experimental Validation of the Core Temperature Distribution of a Three-Phase Transformer - new

R. Barroso[1]
[1]Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil

This paper presents an application of COMSOL Multiphysics® software in the study of the temperature distribution of a 5kVA three-phase air-cooled transformer. A 3D, steady state model was utilized on the simulations. The interface with the surrounding air was modeled by Newton's Law of Cooling, discarding the need of solving the external air flow. The simulation agreed with the experimental ...

Two-Dimensional Thermal Hydraulic Analysis and Benchmark in Support of HFIR LEU Conversion using COMSOL

J. D. Freels[1], I. T. Bodey[2], R. V. Arimilli[2], K. T. Lowe[3]
[1]: Oak Ridge National Laboratory
[2]: University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
[3]: Bettis Atomic Power Laboratory, West Mifflin, PA

The research documented herein was funded by a research contract between the Research Reactors Division (RRD) of Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK) Mechanical, Aerospace and Biomedical Engineering Department (MABE). The research was governed by a statement of work (SOW) which clearly defines nine specific tasks. This report is outlined to ...

FEM Simulations on the Effect of the Thermal-induced Surface Stress on Ultrathin Resonators

V. Pini, J. J. Ruz Martinez, E. Gil, M. Calleja, and J. Tamayo
Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madri
Madrid, Spain

The detection back-action phenomenon has received little attention in physical, chemical, and biological sensors based on nanomechanical systems. We show that this effect is very significant in ultrathin bimetallic cantilevers, in which the laser beam that probes the picometer scale vibration largely modifies the resonant frequencies of the system. The light back-action effect is nonlinear, ...

Pressure Drop CFD Modeling in Spacer-Filled Channels for TFF Ultrafiltration

Y. Zou[1]
[1]EMD Millipore Corporation, Bedford, MA USA

Membrane-based tangential flow filtration (TFF) cassettes are used for the clarification, concentration and purification of fluid streams containing macromolecules of proteins. In TFF, the protein fluid is pumped tangentially along the surface of the membrane. The feed flow along the length of channel between two membranes causes a pressure drop from the feed to the retentate end of the channel. ...

2D Simulation of Cardiac Tissue - new

S. Esfahani[1]
[1]University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA

A two-dimensional atrial tissue model has been constructed in COMSOL Multiphysics® software to study the propagation of action potential and electrograms. The model presents the atrial electrograms recorded with a mapping catheter. A 2D atrial tissue model is simulated using the Courtemanche et al. cell model equations. PDE in coefficient form was used in COMSOL Multiphysics® to reproduce ...

Modeling of Packed Bed Reactors: Hydrogen Production by the Steam Reforming of Methane and Glycerol - new

A. Dixon[1], B. MacDonald[1], A. Olm[1]
[1]Department of Chemical Engineering, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

The conventional route to hydrogen production is by steam reforming of methane (MSR) in a multitubular packed bed. With the increasing use of biodiesel as a renewable fuel, interest has grown in steam reforming of the excess glycerol produced as a side product (GSR). We use COMSOL Multiphysics® software to model a tubular packed bed reactor, solving a single pellet model at each point. The ...

Hydrophone Acoustic Receiver Modeling: Turbulent Flow Modeling and Acoustic Analysis - new

D. Groulx[1], A. Bharath[1], S. Campbell[1]
[1]Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada

The field of underwater acoustics research is constantly growing with the ongoing improvement of acoustic measuring techniques. An acoustic hydrophone receiver is a passive listening device which is widely used in biological research and sonar technology. The hydrophone however suffers from turbulence generated noise created by its presence in ever faster flow. This work aims to analyze the ...

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