Technical Papers and Presentations

Here you will find presentations given at COMSOL Conferences around the globe. The presentations explore the innovative research and products designed by your peers using COMSOL Multiphysics. Research topics span a wide array of industries and application areas, including the electrical, mechanical, fluid, and chemical disciplines. Use the Quick Search to find presentations pertaining to your application area.

Numerical Study of Local Density of States in Photonic Crystal Waveguides

A. Javadi[1], P. Lodahl[1]
[1]Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

In this contribution we study how a planar photonic crystal waveguide (PhCW), created by introducing a line defect in the photonic crystal, can modify the projected local density of states (LDOS) for a dipole emitter. We use the COMSOL Multiphysics® RF Module to carry out eigenvalue calculations studies on PhCW. When the dipole is in resonance with the waveguide mode, the enhancement Fp of ...

Optical and Electrical Modeling of Three Dimensional Dye Sensitized Solar Cells

P. Guo[1]
[1]Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA

Dye sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) have received tremendous attention as alternative photon harvesting devices. While the sintered TiO2 nanoparticle network attached with dye molecules achieves efficient photon absorption, the electrons have to diffuse through the long TiO2 network to reach the contact, resulting in a high electron density and thus increased recombination. Extensive research ...

A Novel Mechanical Stress Measurement Method Applied to Wind Turbine Rotor Blades

A.H. Hegab[1], J.P. Kaerst[1]
[1]HAWK, University of Applied Sciences and Arts, Goettingen, Germany

Rotor blades for wind turbines are made of GFRP material. They have to be designed to withstand wind and weather over their approximately 20 years of lifetime. The ability to monitor the mechanical stress is crucial in order to reduce maintenance costs and to maximize operational availability. This paper presents the combination of SPICE® and COMSOL Multiphysics®, in order to reduce ...

Tunable MEMS Capacitor for RF Applications

H. S. Shriram[1], T. Nimje[1], D. Vakharia[1]
[1]BITS Pilani, Rajasthan, India

Radio Frequency MEMS devices have emerged to overcome the problem of high losses associated with semiconductors at high frequencies. A tunable MEMS capacitor is a micrometre-scale electronic device whose capacitance is controlled through different actuation mechanisms which govern the moving parts. It can have electrostatic or electrothermal actuators depending on the functional complexity and ...

Plasmonic Properties of Bimetal Nanoshell Cylinders and Spheres

K. Ehrhold[1], S. Christiansen[1,2], and U. Gösele[1]
[1]Max Planck Institute of Microstructure Physics, Halle, Germany,
[2]Institute of Photonic Technology, Jena, Germany

Plasmonics is a new branch of the fascinating field of photonics and develops concepts to quench light beyond the diffraction limit and enhance electromagnetic fields. These enhancements occur in metals as localized surface plasmon polaritons (LSP) a coupling of the surface density oscillations of the electron gas to the incident light. With threedimensional nano-structures of coinage metals that ...

Influence of the Excitation Frequency Increase up to 140 MHz on the VHF-PECVD Technology

S. Leszczynski[1], B. Leszczynska[1], M. Albert[1], J.W. Bartha[1], U. Stephan[2], J. Kuske[2]
[1]Dresden University of Technology, Semiconductor and Microsystems Technology Laboratory, Dresden, Germany
[2]Forschungs- und Applikationslabor Plasmatechnik GmbH, Dresden, Germany

The plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition process with a linear plasma source and the frequency range up to 140 MHz developed by Dresden University of Technology and FAP GmbH Dresden enables a fabrication of thin film silicon layers at very high deposition rates. However, an increase of the plasma frequency reduces the electromagnetic wavelength. Therefore, the electric field distribution is ...

Electromagnetics at Optical and Microwave Frequencies using COMSOL Multiphysics

Howie Stuart
Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies
Whippany, USA

The flexibility of COMSOL Multiphysics enables a variety of computational approaches to be applied towards solving electromagnetic problems across the whole spectrum. I will describe techniques for studying resonant electromagnetic interactions in a range of structures, including materials with negative electric permittivity (metals at optical frequencies), and small microwave resonators and ...

Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors: Optimization of Diffraction Grating and Prism Couplers

W. Raja[1], A. Alabastri[1], S. Tuccio[1], R. Proietti Zaccaria[1]
[1]Department of Nanostructures, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia, Genova, Italy

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors proved themselves as a promising device for many kinds of applications such as optical biosensing, binding constant determinationor nanofilm thickness measurements. Here we simulate using COMSOL Multiphysics® the light-polaritons coupling for the two most commonly used SPR setups: Attenuated total reflection (Kretschmann configuration) and diffraction ...

Edge Element and Second-Order Nodal Analysis for Arbitrary Shaped Waveguides

H. Arab[1], F. Afshar[2], C. Akyel[1]
[1]École Polytechnique de Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada
[2]Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada

In this project a two dimensional second order nodal and linear edge elements programming model for homogeneous waveguide is developed and simulated in MATLAB® software Environment. The objective is to reduce or eliminate spurious solutions and to cater for any arbitrarily shaped waveguides using triangular edge elements. The formulation is developed using the E-Field and to make use of the ...

Studying Crosstalk Trends for Signal Integrity on Interconnects using Finite Element Modeling

J. Grover[1], Dr. A. Gupta[1]
[1]Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani-Pilani Campus,Rajasthan ,India

In high-speed digital design, strong electromagnetic coupling exists between adjacent transmission lines. This manifests itself in the form of crosstalk voltage induced on either line. Crosstalk is modeled in terms of capacitance and inductance matrices which are extracted using COMSOL Multiphysics®. Further, trends of crosstalk are observed with variations in dielectric constant of substrate, ...

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